Interannual SST Variability in the Japan/East Sea and Relationship with Environmental Variables
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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Interannual variability of the JapanEast Sea JES sea surface temperature SST is investigated from the reconstructed NOAAAVHRR Oceans Pathfinder best SST data 1985 - 2002 using the complex empirical function CEOF analysis. The iterative empirical function analysis is used for the SST data reconstruction. The first two leading CEOFs account for 86 of total variance with 66.4 for the first mode and 19.6 for the second mode. The first CEOF mode represents a standing oscillation and a maximum belt in the central JES. There are two near-7-year events and one 2-3-year event during the period of 1985-2002. The first mode oscillates by adjacent atmospheric systems such as the Aleutian Low, the North Pacific High, the Siberian High, and the East Asian jet stream. Positive correlation in a zonal belt between the first mode JES SST anomaly and the background surface air temperatureSST anomaly reveals intensive ocean-atmosphere interaction near the Polar Front in the North Pacific. The second CEOF mode represents two features standing oscillation and propagating signal. The standing oscillation occurs in the northern north of 44 deg N and southern south of 39 N and west 136 deg E JES with around 180 deg phase difference. A weak southwestward propagating signal is detected between the two regions. The eastward propagating signal is detected from the East Korean Bay to near 135 deg E. The second mode contains 4-5-year periodicity before 1998 and 2-3-year periodicity thereafter. It is associated with the Arctic Oscillation, which leads it by 1-5-year. Furthermore, a strong correlation with the background surface air temperatureSST anomaly is detected in the tropical to subtropical western Pacific.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography