International Assessment of Research and Development in Brain-Computer Interfaces. WTEC Panel Report
WORLD TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION CENTER INC BALTIMORE MD
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Brain-computer interface BCI research deals with establishing communication pathways between the brain and external devices. BCI systems can be broadly classified depending on the placement of the electrodes used to detect and measure neurons firing in the brain in invasive systems, electrodes are inserted directly into the cortex in noninvasive systems, they are placed on the scalp and use electroencephalography or electrocorticography to detect neuron activity. This WTEC study was designed to gather information on worldwide status and trends in BCI research and to disseminate it to government decision makers and the research community. The study reviewed and assessed the state of the art in sensor technology, the bioticabiotic interface and biocompatibility, data analysis and modeling, hardware implementation, systems engineering, functional electrical stimulation, noninvasive communication systems, and cognitive and emotional neuroprostheses in academic research and industry.
- Biomedical Instrumentation and Bioengineering
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems