Outdoor Sound Propagation Modelling in Complex Environments: Recent Developments in the Parabolic Equation Method
ECOLE CENTRALE DE LYON ECULLY (FRANCE)
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In complex environments the modelling of outdoor sound propagation implies to take into account the mixed influence of ground characteristics topography, obstacles, impedance, etc. and atmospheric conditions refraction and turbulence. During the last decade significant progress has been made in the modelling of sound propagation over distances ranging from hundreds meters to kilometres, and the agreement between calculated and measured fields has been greatly improved. New developments appear in the parabolic-equation method. In this paper we present a method which evaluates the propagation of an acoustic wave above uneven terrains including realistic meteorological parameters. In our approach the effects of the topography are modelled using appropriate rotated co-ordinates systems in order to treat the non-flat ground as a succession of flat domains. We also examine the influence of scale resolution on numerical simulation of long range sound propagation through the turbulent atmosphere. Currently, we generate the turbulence using a Random Fourier Modes technique, such that the turbulent fluctuation at any point in the medium either scalar or vectorial in nature is calculated from the sum of a chosen number of modes. Our model of outdoors sound propagation is validated both with classical numerical benchmark cases and recent outdoor experiments.
- Numerical Mathematics