Particulate Matter Emissions for Dust From Unique Military Activities
DESERT RESEARCH INST RENO NV
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Particulate Matter PM emission is a critical problem for the Department of Defense DoD. PM emitted during DoD testing and training activities threatens the safety and respiratory health of military personnel and can impact the health of urban populations encroaching on military installations. Moreover, new regulations protecting visibility at Class I national parks, forests, and wilderness areas mandate reductions in PM emissions and its chemical precursors over the next 60 years. Since many military installations are located near Class I areas, these regulations are likely to affect training activities in coming years. Military activities create unique dust emission sources not encountered in the civilian environment and which have not been accurately characterized and quantified. Without source specific emissions factors of known precision and accuracy, the uncertainties on these estimates are high. Understanding of the atmospheric and surficial influences on the amount of the dust available for longer distance transport as well as the modeling of this phenomenon remains poor. As a result emission factors applied without proper consideration of the factors that control the transportable fraction of PM will produce overestimates of these contributions.
- Air Pollution and Control