Accession Number:

ADA478387

Title:

Nigeria's Center(s) of Gravity: A Complex and Violent Operational Environment

Descriptive Note:

Research paper

Corporate Author:

ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2008-02-28

Pagination or Media Count:

51.0

Abstract:

This paper examines the history and value of the center of gravity concept, and the use of an analysis of the political, military, economic, social, infrastructure, and informational PMESII systems to define Nigerias operational environment and determine Nigerias current strategic and operational centers of gravity. Through a PMESII analysis, the author determined that the president of Nigeria, YarAdua, is the countrys strategic center of gravity. The Nigerian president has the support of the Nigerian army, which has demonstrated its loyalty to the president by obeying orders to withdraw from the Bakassi peninsula in 2006, and by their continued engagement of the violent militants in the oil-rich Niger Delta. Another critical capability for the president is Nigerias oil-rich economy, which the author finds to be the countrys operational center of gravity. Nigerias oil and gas production account for 85 of government revenues, 99 of export earnings, and 52 of the countrys GDP. The United States imports 11 of its oil from Nigeria, and the Chinese have taken a significant interest in securing oil resources and investments in Nigeria. However, Nigerias president is facing increasing violence in the Niger Delta, and ethnic and religious clashes with a radical Islamic presence in the Muslim-north of the country.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE