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Defense Management: Overarching Organizational Framework Could Improve DoD's Management of Energy Reduction Efforts for Military Operations

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Conference paper

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Several issues, such as rising fuel costs, worldwide energy demand, and the high fuel burden during operations, underscore the importance of energy to DOD. Fuel costs for DOD are substantial and the volatility of world oil prices will likely continue to affect the department which may require DOD to make difficult trade-offs, such as redirecting funds from ongoing programs to pay for needed fuel. In addition, both the Army and Marine Corps have plans to grow their forces over the next several years, which will inevitably require larger amounts of fuel to sustain these forces and their weapons systems. Other energy issues that are likely to affect DOD in the future are the increased U.S. dependence on foreign oil, projected increases in the worldwide demand for oil, and uncertainties about world oil supplies. Furthermore, DOD s high fuel requirements on the battlefield can place a significant logistics burden on military forces limit the range and pace of operations and add to mission risks, including exposing supply convoys to attack. Given these issues, DOD must be well positioned to effectively manage energy demands for military operations. DOD and the military services have several initiatives under way to reduce demand for mobility energy. At the department level, the Office of the Secretary of Defense OSD created a task force in 2006 to address energy security concerns. Moreover, in 2007, the Deputy Secretary of Defense included energy in DOD s list of the top 25 transformational priorities for the department as part of its initiative to pursue targeted acquisition reforms. Each of the military services also has its own initiatives under way to reduce mobility energy demand. The Army is addressing fuel consumption at forward-deployed locations by developing foam-insulated tents and temporary dome structures that are more efficient to heat and cool, reducing the demand for fuel-powered generators.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management
  • Biology
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Fuels

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