Accession Number:

ADA478289

Title:

Colombia: Issues for Congress

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2007-11-09

Pagination or Media Count:

36.0

Abstract:

Recent debate on U.S. policy toward Colombia has taken place in a context of concern for the volume of drugs readily available in the United States and elsewhere in the world, security issues in the Andean region, and the U.S. Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement. The United States has made a significant commitment of funds and material support to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999. In support of the plan, Congress passed legislation providing 1.3 billion in assistance for FY2000 P.L. 106-246 and has provided more than 5 billion to support Plan Colombia from FY2000 through FY2007 in both State Department and Defense Department accounts. Since 2002, Congress has granted the State Department expanded authority to use counternarcotics funds for a unified campaign to fight both drug trafficking and terrorist organizations in Colombia. In 2004, Congress raised the statutory cap on U.S. personnel allowed to be deployed to Colombia in support of Plan Colombia. The three main illegally armed groups in Colombia participate in drug production and trafficking and have been designated foreign terrorist organizations by the State Department. President Alvaro Uribe, re-elected in May 2006, is seeking to address the 40- year plus conflict with the countrys leftist guerrilla organizations, as well as the rightist paramilitary groups that have been active since the 1980s. President Uribe enjoys high levels of popular support, which has not been significantly affected by the scandal concerning government ties to the paramilitaries. Parties loyal to President Alvaro Uribe dominated the March 2006 congressional elections. U.S. policy in Colombia remains controversial. Proponents of current U.S. policy point to inroads that have been made with regard to the eradication of illicit drug crops and improved security conditions.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE