HF Over-the-Horizon Radar System Performance Analysis
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER FOR JOINT SERVICES ELECTRONIC WARFARE
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The basic concept of the structure and properties of the ionosphere are discussed to explain how the performance of the over-the-horizon radar OTHR system is affected. An overview of the OTHR system characteristics and performance are presented along with some applications currently used around the world, including their geographic location and historical background. The waveforms used for the OTHR systems include simple pulse, pulse Doppler, phased-coded pulse, frequency modulated continuous wave FMCW, and frequency modulated interrupt continuous wave FMICW. Other characteristics such as target detection methods and the skywave OTHR range equation are also discussed. Simulation results indicate that the minimum required input signal-to-noise ratio SNR for a target with 100 m2 cross section at 3,500 km footprint range is 52.4 fc dB at c f 14.5 MHz. In addition, a noncooperative intercept receiver requires a minimum input SNR of 94 dB for a square law detector and 97 dB for a linear detector for interception at a footprint range of 3,500 km at c f 14.5 MHz. A model of the maximum detection range for the Chinese FMCW OTH backscatter OTH-B radar was developed in MATLAB. An intercept receiver maximum interception range is also analyzed. A ray tracing technique is also used in PROPLAB to present a more detailed analysis. The analysis includes the electron density profile, the maximum usable frequency, the critical frequency of the layers, the skip zone, and the signal quality. The simulations focused on the Chinese OTH-B radar system are to investigate the Chinese surveillance capabilities.
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment