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Evaluation of New Technologies for Protection of Military Personnel from Filth and Biting Flies

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Final rept. 15 Sep 2004-14 Sep 2007

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Filth flies serve as vectors for many diseases that pose a serious threat to the safety and well-being of deployed military personnel. Our research project targeted the development of new insecticides for fly control. During the 3-year research project, research on control of mosquitoes and flies developed from the initial screening of insecticidal active ingredients to a field testing of new formulation and new application devices. We obtained several insecticides including pyrethroids, neonicotinoids, phenylpyrazoles, oxadiazines, and organophosphates and screened them against flies. We tested fly traps and light traps to optimize military usage of these non-chemical controls. A sprayable spot fly bait was evaluated and proved to be very useful for use by deployed troops. After our studies and recommendation the product received NSN 01-555-9369 and is available for use by military entomologists. New volatile compounds were tested against both flies and mosquitoes, and demonstrated to be useful for control of mosquitoes and flies in confined areas. Insecticide-impregnated wool cords were shown to be the best material for delivery of the insecticides to flies, because an efficient acquisition of pesticide by the insects from wool cords, possibly due to presence of natural oils. The grant supported six graduate students, three of them military entomologists.

Subject Categories:

  • Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine and Medical Research

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