Development of Environmental Data for Navy, Air Force, and Marine Munitions
ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB
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Use of conventional weapons and explosives in live-fire military training can lead to release of munitions constituent residues, which can migrate to groundwater and drinking water sources. The extent to which major energetic constituents RDX, HMX, TNT, and perchlorate are present at military installations is being analyzed and assessed. Studies of the presence of energetic materials on US Army live-fire training sites have increased our understanding of the environmental fate and transport of energetic constituent residues. This study is intended to expand existing information concerning Army installations to Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force facilities by relating munitions constituent database information with training allocations and recorded range munitions usage. Munition usage projections from training allocations and range records help identify probable presence of energetic residues and allow for prioritization of sites for further analysis and investigation. Data from this study suggest Air Force, Navy, and Marine training in the continental United States involves use of munitions containing quantities of RDX, HMX, TNT, and perchlorate comparable to Army usage on an annual basis. Based on field studies of numerous Army ranges, there is a high probability of introduction of RDX, HMX, TNT, and perchlorate residues into the environment at Air Force, Navy, and Marine ranges as well.
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Ammunition and Explosives