Maritime Coalitions: When is Unity of Command Required
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT
Pagination or Media Count:
Coalitions are a fact of life in modern diplomatic and military endeavors. Nations will seek to join or establish coalitions to maximize collective military power and establish legitimacy for the objectives they seek. Command and Control C2 of maritime coalitions is a distinct facet of coalition operations based on the nature of naval operations. The concepts of Unity of Command, Unity of Effort and Parallel, Lead Nation, or Integrated coalition command structures are viable across a broad spectrum of maritime coalition operations but do have ideal applications within the Range of Military Operations. This paper will define the different terms associated with C2 in maritime coalitions and explain their application in the context of historic and recent maritime coalitions, paying particular attention to the concept of Unity of Command. The paper will then analyze the application of Unity of Command in the context of the Range of Military Operations and draw conclusions and recommendations for ideal employment of these concepts in forming maritime coalitions.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics