Accession Number:

ADA470731

Title:

Global Ocean Prediction Using HYCOM

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV

Report Date:

2006-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

6.0

Abstract:

One important aspect of ocean model design is the choice of the vertical coordinate system. Traditional ocean models use a single coordinate type to represent the vertical, but model comparison exercises performed in Europe DYnamics of North Atlantic MOdels DYNAMO and in the United States Data Assimilation and Model Evaluation Experiment DAMEE have shown that none of the three main vertical coordinates presently in use depth z-levels, density isopycnal layers, or terrain-following sigma-levels can by itself be optimal everywhere in the ocean. The HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model HYCOM Bleck, 2002 is configured to combine all three of these vertical coordinate types. It is isopycnal in the open, stratified ocean, but uses the layered continuity equation to make a dynamically smooth transition to a terrain-following coordinate in shallow coastal regions, and to z-level coordinates in the mixed layer andor unstratified seas. The hybrid coordinate extends the geographic range of applicability of traditional isopycnic coordinate circulation models toward shallow coastal seas and unstratified parts of the world ocean. It maintains the significant advantages of an isopycnal model in stratified regions while allowing more vertical resolution near the surface and in shallow coastal areas, hence providing a better representation of the upper ocean physics. HYCOM is designed to provide a major advance over the existing operational global ocean prediction systems, since it overcomes design limitations of the present systems as well as limitations in vertical and horizontal resolution. The result should be a more streamlined system with improved performance and an extended range of applicability e.g., the present systems are seriously limited in shallow water and in handling the transition from deep to shallow water.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
  • Computer Programming and Software

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE