Solitary Wave Effects North of Strait of Messina
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV
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We present new results from a joint ocean-acoustic modeling study of solitary wave generation in the Strait of Messina, their propagation in the Tyrrhenian Sea subsequent shoaling in the Gulf of Gioia. The nonhydrostatic 3D EULAG model is used for the oceanographic predictions. The simulations are initialized w measured temp. salinity profiles from an October 1995 survey of the Messina region and forced w semidiurnal tidal magnitudes predicted by a barotropic tidal model. Parameter sensitivity studies are performed. The predicted solitary wave trains are compared w CTD chain measurements. The model results data are examined through a wavelet analysis. The wavelengths are tracked by the spines maximum intensity for each wavelength at various times. From the slope of the variations, phase speeds are derived as a function of wavelength. For the parameters extracted from CTD measurements existing tidal conditions, phase speed distribution for wavelengths ranging from about 0.6m to 1.6km are obtained. The model predicted phase speed magnitudes range from 0.85ms to 0.93ms. The phase speeds derived from data range from 0.77ms to 0.88ms. The model predicted phase speed vs. wavelength distribution derived from data. The shoaling of the solitary waves in the Gulf of Gioia is studied. Calculations of the acoustical field are conducted along the solitary wave propagation path, w the parabolic PE acoustical model.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography