The Role of the National Guard in Homeland Security
Monograph rept. Jul 2006-Feb 2007
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
Pagination or Media Count:
The establishment of the Department of Homeland Security and the United States Northern Command has created new organizations to assist in homeland security, but neither has fully integrated the National Guard into it planning or fully assessed its capabilities. This monograph will evaluate the National Guards possible integration in the context of the Department of Defenses contribution to homeland security military missions overseas, homeland defense, and support to civil authorities. The evaluation will include the National Guards unique legal capabilities in the military, its organization and relationship to the local populace, and its historical use in homeland security and as a reserve component of the military. The conclusion is that the National Guards history, legal capabilities, and inherent ties with the local and state communities and government poise the National Guard to be the countrys primary homeland security force. In order to enhance its capabilities, the National Guard Bureau must be integrated into both the United States Northern Command and the Department of Homeland Security and planning considerations must be discussed with governors and state National Guard officials, unity of command and unity of effort must be deconflicted during homeland operations, and mobilized National Guard units operating within the United States must not be federalized in order to ensure that it can still perform law enforcement operations while mobilized.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Civil Defense