Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Nearly half a million miles of oil and gas transmission pipeline crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry hazardous materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage. The nations pipeline networks are also widespread, running alternately through remote and densely populated regions consequently, these systems are vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack. The 109th Congress passed the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2006 P.L. 109-468 to improve pipeline safety and security practices, and to reauthorize the federal Office of Pipeline Safety. The 110th Congress is overseeing the implementation of the act and examining ongoing policy issues related to the nations pipeline network. The Surface Transportation and Rail Security Act of 2007 S. 184 would require federal plans for critical pipeline security and incident recovery, and would mandate pipeline security inspections and enforcement.
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