Military Transformation: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Department of Defense DOD indicates it is undertaking a major alteration in its capabilities, from a force designed to fight the Soviet Union to one tailored to 21st century adversaries including terrorism. This shift has been prompted by the perception of a changing threat and improved technology, especially information technology. As the military services attempt to increase the agility and versatility of their weapon systems, they also see a need to increase the capabilities of military intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance ISR to support the new weapon systems and operating methods against these new threats. To judge whether service activities are likely to help the military transform, the head of DODs Office of Force Transformation, retired Vice Admiral Arthur Cebrowski U.S. Navy has proposed three criteria-whether the proposed capability can communicate and operate easily in conjunction with the other services, whether it helps the military develop new methods of warfighting, and whether it will be useful against a wide range of threats. In addition, ISR activities should, in the aggregate, provide a world-wide perspective of the threat, fuse all types of intelligence into one picture, access extensive details about the enemy, and monitor specific targets for long periods of time.
- Military Intelligence