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Comparative Analysis of a High Bypass Turbofan Using a Pulsed Detonation Combustor
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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It has been proposed that the implementation of a pulsed detonation combustor in a high-bypass turbofan engine would result in an engine that is both more efficient and more reliable. The validity of the performance claims are evaluated based on a comparison between the baseline and hybrid turbofans. The hybrid pulsed detonation engine was modeled in the Numerical Propulsion Simulation System NPSS and shares a common architecture with the baseline turbofan model, except that the combustor of the baseline engine is replaced with a pulsed detonation combustor. Detonation effects are calculated using a closed form solution of the Chapman-Jouguet Mach number with a total energy correction applied. Cycle time is calculated to provide a reasonable estimate of frequency for the user input geometry, and the losses due unsteady flow are accounted for by applying pressure and temperature losses to the fluid. A parametric study was performed to evaluate the effects of these losses on net thrust and TSFC. There is a definite level of acceptable loss that if surpassed makes pulsed detonation combustion a good candidate for inclusion into a hybrid turbofan engine.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE