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Columbia's Democratic Security and Defense Policy in the Demobilization of the Paramilitaries

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Research paper

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Colombia has been mired in internal conflict for more than four decades. The complex characteristics of Colombias internal strife make it unique. Narco-trafficking and terrorism conducted by former communist guerrillas and right-wing paramilitary groups represent the main components of the problems facing the government and society. To deal with these complex issues, President Alvaro Uribes administration designed a strategy known as Democratic and Defense Policy, which showed significant results for the period 2002 to 2006. One of the most significant results was the demobilization of 31,671 members of illegal right-wing paramilitary organizations. Despite this significant achievement, the process that resulted in this large-scale demobilization was full of hardships and obstacles. The continued narco-trafficking, terrorist activities, and domestic criminal activity committed by paramilitary organizations created huge controversy and distrust within the civilian population. Despite the controversial nature of some of the governments policies and strategies, there has been improvement within the country, and only after some time has gone by will their true effectiveness be known. This paper examines the nature and development of Colombias internal conflicts and the effectiveness of the governments policies and strategies for dealing with it. One of these strategies included peaceful resolution of problems involving terrorism, the illegal drug trade, and massacres. Each of the following illegal armed organizations is examined in detail Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia FARC Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional ELN Ejercito Popular de Liberacion EPL Movimiento 19 de Abril M-19 and rural, illegal self-defense groups,

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  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Unconventional Warfare

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