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Assessing C3I in Support of Dismounted Operations in Complex Terrain

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Conference paper

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The assessment of dismounted operations in complex terrain remains one of the most challenging problems for the military analysis community. Recently, a study was performed by the US Army Science Board to identify the operational capabilities that were needed to enhance the effectiveness of these operations, with emphasis on C3I. To establish a context for the study, an extensive data mining activity was undertaken to identify the key issues and to formulate preliminary insights. This activity focused on lessons learned reports from actual operations and after action reports from recent experiments. In the former category, C3I lessons recorded if not learned were identified in the Handbook for Joint Urban Operations reference 1. As an illustration, based on an assessment of the Russian experience in Chechnya, it was concluded that The command and control structure needs to be able to adapt to the urban environment where communication may be difficult. Similarly, in the area of experimentation, the USMCs experiences in Project Metropolis reference 2 revealed shortfalls in communications at the lowest tactical levels e.g., platoon commander and squad leader. Based on the results of this data mining, several vignettes were selected that spanned an interesting set of levels of conflict and environmental conditions. Three of these vignettes were selected to illuminate selected C3I issues a reverse slope, treeline attack against a well-protected squad in rugged terrain floor clearing operations in a building and humanitarian assistance in a small village.

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  • Operations Research
  • Cybernetics
  • Command, Control and Communications Systems

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