Accession Number:

ADA467423

Title:

Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF)

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2006-10-18

Pagination or Media Count:

14.0

Abstract:

The Civil Reserve Air Fleet CRAF supports Department of Defense DoD airlift requirements in emergencies when the need for airlift exceeds the capability of the military aircraft fleet. All CRAF participants must be U.S. carriers fully certified by the Federal Aviation Administration, and they must meet the stringent standards of Federal Aviation Regulations pertaining to commercial airlines Part 121. The CRAF has three main segments international, national, and aeromedical evacuation. The international segment is further divided into the long-range and short-range sections and the national segment is divided into the domestic and Alaskan sections. Assignment of aircraft to a segment depends on the nature of the requirement and the performance characteristics needed. The commercial airlines contractually pledge aircraft to the various segments of CRAF, ready for activation when needed. To provide incentives for civil carriers to commit aircraft to the CRAF program and to assure the United States of adequate airlift reserves, the government makes peacetime airlift business available to civilian airlines that obligate aircraft to the CRAF. DoD offers business through the International Airlift Services. CRAF presents benefits and opportunities for both DoD and U.S. airlines. By all accounts it appears to be a symbiotic relationship. Yet, as circumstances change, pressures and diverging interests may emerge that could bring changes to CRAF. A number of factors may be considered when examining the future size, character, and role of CRAF. These factors include cost, other potential governmentcommercial arrangements, potential change in DoD requirement for CRAF, and industrial base or financial assistance to U.S. air carriers. This report will be updated as events warrant.

Subject Categories:

  • Transport Aircraft
  • Civilian Aircraft
  • Commercial and General Aviation
  • Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE