Sequencing: Targeting Insurgents and Drugs in Colombia
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Perus success in first defeating the Shining Path guerrilla movement in the early 1990s and then reducing coca cultivation in the mid-1990s demonstrates the effectiveness of a sequential approach to these problems. However, is the sequential approach an effective model for handling the dual threat, particularly in Colombia This thesis examines the overall effectiveness of two distinctly different strategies for dealing with the dual threat of drugs and terrorism in Colombia President Pastranas drugs first strategy and President Uribes unified campaign against both guerrillas and drugs. The analysis shows that President Uribes unified campaign was more effective than President Pastranas sequential strategy. While President Pastranas drugs first strategy was relatively effective in targeting the illicit drug trade, it did not eliminate the illicit drug industry nor did it achieve its secondary objective of weakening the war-making capacity of the FARC-EP. President Uribes unified strategy met with substantial initial success as regional and national security dramatically improved and a weakening of the FARC-EP was observed. Despite such success, elimination of the FARC-EP still remains beyond Colombias reach and the continuation of counter-narcotic policies seems to be reaping diminishing returns. To continue making progress against both threats a continuation of a comprehensive unified campaign is required.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law
- Unconventional Warfare