Improving the Resiliency of the Natural Gas Supply and Distribution Network
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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To accommodate the nations escalating demand for natural gas, which is expected to increase 700 by 2030, the natural gas industry will likely build several new liquefied natural gas LNG import terminals. The location of these new terminals is an important strategic decision that significantly impacts the resiliency of the nations natural gas supply and distribution network. Due to public opposition in many communities and shortcomings in the current licensing process, any additional LNG import terminals are apt to be concentrated along the Gulf Coast. Unfortunately, this impending concentration will increase the vulnerability and diminish the resiliency of this critical infrastructure. This thesis uses network theory to forecast how the location of new terminals will impact the risk, vulnerability, and resiliency of the natural gas supply and distribution network. To enhance the resiliency and reduce the vulnerability of this critical infrastructure, we argue network analysis methodology should be applied during the terminal siting process. The Federal government must act quickly to facilitate siting of terminals in locations that reduce the vulnerability and improve the resiliency of the natural gas network. Failure to act will squander an unprecedented opportunity to shape and intelligently design this portion of the nations critical infrastructure.