U.S. Nuclear Cooperation With India: Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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On July 18, 2005, President Bush announced he would work to achieve full civil nuclear energy cooperation with India and would also seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies, in the context of a broader, global partnership with India to promote stability, democracy, prosperity and peace. Administration officials have promoted nuclear cooperation with India as a way to reduce Indias carbon dioxide emissions and its dependence on oil, bring India into the nonproliferation mainstream and create jobs for U.S. industry. India, which has not signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty NPT and does not have International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards on all nuclear material in peaceful nuclear activities, exploded a peaceful nuclear device in 1974, convincing the world of the need for greater restrictions on nuclear trade. The United States created the Nuclear Suppliers Group NSG as a direct response to Indias test, halted nuclear exports to India a few years later, and worked to convince other states to do the same. India tested nuclear weapons again in 1998.
- Government and Political Science
- Nuclear Weapons