Intelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Concerned by reported security and counterintelligence CI lapses at the Department of Energy DOE, Congress in 1999 established a semi-autonomous agency the National Nuclear Security Administration NNSA to oversee DOEs national security-related programs. Within NNSA, Congress established the Office of Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence to implement NNSAs counterintelligence program. Although DOEs existing Office of Counterintelligence develops CI policy for both agencies, it implements policy only at non-NNSA facilities. Some studies have questioned the effectiveness of a dual office structure in combating foreign espionage and have urged the adoption of an alternative structure. Several alternative organizational approaches have been discussed, including the following. One approach, which DOE has initiated, merges under the control of a new DOE Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence DOEs Office of Intelligence, which assesses foreign nuclear weapons programs, and DOEs CI office. Under an anticipated second phase, which would require congressional approval, the new office would absorb NNSAs CI program. Proponents assert that consolidation would improve command, control, and communication. Opponents argue that consolidation would dilute the focus on counterintelligence at DOEs weapons labs.
- Administration and Management
- Military Intelligence