Chamber Core Structures for Fairing Acoustic Mitigation
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB KIRTLAND AFB NM SPACE VEHICLES DIRECTORATE
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The U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory is pursuing an innovative composite structure design called chamber core for constructing launch vehicle payload fairings. A composite chamber core fairing consists of many axial tubes sandwiched between face sheets, tubes that can be used as acoustic dampers to reduce low-frequency interior noise with virtually no added mass. This paper presents the results of experimental studies of noise transmission through a 1.51 m diameter x 1.42 m tall chamber core cylinder. It was tested in a semireverberant acoustics laboratory using band-limited random noise at sound pressure levels up to 110 dB. The bare cylinder provided approximately 12.7 dB of attenuation over the 0-500 Hz bandwidth and 15.3 dB over 0-2000 Hz. The noise reduction increased to over 18 dB for both bandwidths with the axial tubes acting as acoustic dampers. Narrowband reductions in excess of 15 dB were measured around specific acoustic resonances. This was accomplished with virtually no added mass to the composite cylinder. Results were compared with the performance provided by a 2.5 cm acoustic blanket treatment. The acoustic dampers were as effective as the acoustic blanket at low frequency, but not at higher frequencies. The acoustic dampers were better able to couple with and damp the low-frequency acoustic modes. Together, the acoustic blanket and dampers provided over 10 dB more noise reduction over the 2000 Hz bandwidth than the bare cylinder.
- Unmanned Spacecraft