Accession Number:

ADA465834

Title:

Modernizing Our Cognitive Model

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper with briefing charts

Corporate Author:

DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA)

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2004-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

33.0

Abstract:

Although still popular, the Observe-Orient-Decide-Act OODA Loop is outdated as a model of human cognition. Based on advances in the cognitive sciences since the 1950s, the Critique- Explore-Compare-Adapt CECA Loop is proposed as a better descriptive model. The model puts two mental representations, the conceptual model established through operational planning, and the situation model, which represents the state of the battlespace, at the center of the decision making process. The four phases of the CECA Loop broadly correspond to the identification of information needs Critique, active and passive data collection and situation updating Explore, comparison of the current situation to the conceptual model Compare, and adaptation to aspects of the battlespace that invalidate the conceptual model or block the path to goal completion Adapt. The CECA Loop is intended to serve as a simple but widely applicable framework in which to study decision making in the context of Command and Control C2. Some advantages of the CECA Loop over the OODA Loop are greater insight into the nature of perception and understanding, introduction of critical thinking elements, and exposition of the central role of planning and the mental representation of operational concepts in C2.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Administration and Management
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE