Accession Number:

ADA465478

Title:

Federal Advisory Committees: A Primer

Descriptive Note:

CRS Report

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2007-03-20

Pagination or Media Count:

44.0

Abstract:

Federal advisory committees are frequently chartered by the Chief Executive, Congress, and agency heads to render independent advice and to make recommendations. By virtue of their ad hoc status, advisory committees can circumvent normal bureaucratic constraints to provide diverse points of view in matters of public policy within a definite time frame. Whether designated as commissions, committees, councils, or task forces, these independent study bodies have dealt with social crises, policy issues, and technical problems of major proportions. Commissions provide a flexible option, since their composition, organization, and working arrangements may be varied through the specific mandates establishing them. Congress formally acknowledged the merits of using advisory committees to obtain expert views drawn from business, academic, government, and other interests when it enacted the Federal Advisory Committee Act FACA in 1972 5 U.S.C. Appendix Federal Advisory Committee Act 86 Stat. 770, as amended. Pursuant to FACA requirements, the General Services Administration GSA maintains and administers management guidelines for commissions. This report sets forth definitions and requirements for creating commissions as required by FACA. Twelve commissions were created by the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act 112 Stat. 2681, and are used here to illustrate the various options that are available for creating independent study bodies. This report will be updated periodically to reflect changes in FACA guidelines.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE