FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, Tsunami Relief, and Other Activities
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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On February 14, 2005, President Bush submitted an 81.9 billion supplemental appropriation request for FY2005 subsequently amended to total 82.04 billion to provide funds for ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the global war on terror, reconstruction in Afghanistan, Tsunami relief and rehabilitation, and other activities. As the fifth supplemental of the Bush Administration to focus on the global war on terrorism and homeland security, these supplemental funds for FY2005 would be in addition to the 25.7 billion received in August 2004 as part of the FY2005 DOD Appropriations Act to cover war-related costs for the initial months of the fiscal year P.L. 108-287. The Administrations request included 74.96 billion for the Department of Defense, 5.6 billion for reconstruction and other foreign aid, 950 million for Tsunami relief, and 770 million for other activities. If enacted as an emergency appropriation, as requested, the funds would not be subject to limits in annual budget resolutions but would add to the size of the U.S. budget deficit. Taking into account the funds already provided, DODs request would bring its FY2005 total appropriation to about 100 billion, which is over 45 higher than the amount provided in the FY2004 supplemental P.L. 108-106. While OMB Director Joshua Bolten argued that the request was an emergency for known and urgent requirements, that could not be met with existing funds, some Members questioned whether this characterization fit some elements in the request. Some questioned whether the 5 billion requested by the Defense Department for the Armys initiative to re-organize Army units was an unanticipated emergency since it was announced in the fall of 2003 others argued that the initiative was a war-related expense because it was expected to relieve war-induced stress on Army forces.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics