Impact of Parameter Variations on Multi-Core Chips
VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
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Increasing variability during manufacturing and during runtime are projected for future generation microprocessors. This paper introduces a pre-RTL, architectural modeling methodology that incorporates the impact of manufacturing and runtime temperature variations on delay and power for both combinational logic and SRAM structures. The model is then used to show that frequency variations among microarchitectural functional units and among cores are relatively small in a high-performance microprocessor design. However, the impact of within-die systematic process variations on leakage power will result in major leakage variation across multiple cores on a single chip. WID leakage variation can cause core-to-core leakage to differ by as much as 45.
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