Millimeter-Wave Voltage-Controlled Oscillators in 0.13-micrometer CMOS Technology
FLORIDA UNIV GAINESVILLE DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
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This paper describes the design of CMOS millimeter-wave voltage controlled oscillators. Varactor, transistor, and inductor designs are optimized to reduce the parasitic capacitances. An investigation of tradeoff between quality factor and tuning range for MOS varactors at 24 GHz has shown that the polysilicon gate lengths between 0.18 and 0.24 micrometer result in both good quality factor 12 and CmaxCmin ratio 3 in the 0.13-micrometer CMOS process used for the study. The components were utilized to realize a VCO operating around 60 GHz with a tuning range of 5.8 GHz. A 99-GHz VCO with a tuning range of 2.5 GHz, phase noise of --102.7 dBcHz at 10-MHz offset and power consumption of 7-15 mW from a 1.5-V supply and a 105-GHz VCO are also demonstrated. This is the CMOS circuit with the highest fundamental operating frequency. The lumped element approach can be used even for VCOs operating near 100-GHz and it results in a smaller circuit area.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Radiofrequency Wave Propagation