Chinese Perceptions of Traditional and Nontraditional Security Threats
ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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This research is an attempt to understand the motivations and decisions of Chinas leadership by examining the writings and opinions of Chinas scholars, journalists, and leaders -- its influential elite. It will show that China has a comprehensive concept of national security that includes not only defending its sovereignty and territorial integrity, but continuing its economic and social development and maintaining its international stature. There are two main types of threats to Chinas national security traditional and nontraditional. Traditional threats can be characterized loosely as threats to a nation emanating from other nations and involving a military component. While the most talked-about threat to Chinas territory is a declaration of independence by Taiwan, the influential elite actually find this possibility unlikely. The focus is therefore on the few countries considered both capable of and willing to endanger all three of Chinas components of national security sovereignty, economic development, and international stature. The United States, Japan, and India have significant ideological, historical, or territorial disagreements with China and possess the military, economic, andor international diplomatic means to go to battle over such differences. While Chinas influential elite are concerned about a direct military confrontation with the United States, Japan, and India, they are far more concerned about the possibility of containment efforts by any, or all, of these countries. Even more troublesome to Chinas security environment are nontraditional threats. This monograph also focuses on three nontraditional threats to China economic and social disparities within China, environmental degradation, and energy insecurity. Chinas nontraditional threats are more menacing than traditional ones because they require Chinas leadership to not only look outward to foster cooperation, but also to look inward and make serious internal reforms.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law
- Environmental Health and Safety