Observability/Identifiability of Rigid Motion under Perspective Projection
CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA CONTROL AND DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS
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The visual motion problem consists of estimating the motion of an object viewed under projection. In this paper we address the feasibility of such a problem. We will show that the model which defines the visual motion problem for feature points in the euclidean 3D space lacks of both linear and local weak observability. The locally observable manifold is covered with three levels of lie differentiations. Indeed, by imposing metric constraints on the state-space, it is possible to reduce the set of indistinguishable states. We will then analyze a model for visual motion estimation in terms of identification of an Exterior Differential System, with the parameters living on a topological manifold, called the essential manifold, which includes explicitly in its definition the forementioned metric constraints. We will show that rigid motion is globally observableidentifiable under perspective projection with zero level of lie differentiation under some general position conditions. Such conditions hold when the viewer does not move on a quadric surface containing all the visible points.
- Numerical Mathematics