Accession Number:

ADA464740

Title:

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2007-02-07

Pagination or Media Count:

98.0

Abstract:

Concern has grown in Congress and elsewhere about Chinas military modernization. The topic is an increasing factor in discussions over future required U.S. Navy capabilities. The issue for Congress addressed in this report is How should Chinas military modernization be factored into decisions about U.S. Navy programs Several elements of Chinas military modernization have potential implications for future required U.S. Navy capabilities. These include theater-range ballistic missiles TBMs, land-attack cruise missiles LACMs, anti-ship cruise missiles ASCMs, surface-to-air missiles SAMs, land-based aircraft, submarines, surface combatants, amphibious ships, naval mines, nuclear weapons, and possibly highpower microwave HPM devices. Chinas naval limitations or weaknesses include capabilities for operating in waters more distant from China, joint operations, C4ISR command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, long-range surveillance and targeting systems, anti-air warfare AAW, antisubmarine warfare ASW, mine countermeasures MCM, and logistics. Observers believe a near-term focus of Chinas military modernization is to field a force that can succeed in a short-duration conflict with Taiwan and act as an antiaccess force to deter U.S. intervention or delay the arrival of U.S. forces, particularly naval and air forces, in such a conflict. Some analysts speculate that China may attain or believe that it has attained a capable maritime anti-access force, or elements of it, by about 2010. Other observers believe this will happen later. Potential broader or longer-term goals of Chinas naval modernization include asserting Chinas regional military leadership and protecting Chinas maritime territorial, economic, and energy interests.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE