U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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This CRS Report, updated as warranted, discusses the agreement on civilian nuclear cooperation with the Peoples Republic of China PRC by focusing on congressional roles in crafting and carrying out the agreement. Some Members have been concerned about U.S. nuclear cooperation with China in the context of Chinas practices related to the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Members also have been interested in how Congress reviewed the agreement with China as well as how this experience might apply to other similar agreements, such as that with India. Congress also exercises oversight of exchanges with China in the nuclear area conducted by the Department of Energy and its National Nuclear Security Administration NNSA. Some Members have considered whether financing by the U.S. Export-Import Bank should support nuclear exports to China. Key developments in the U.S.-China nuclear cooperation agreement were timed for diplomatic summits between U.S. Presidents and PRC leaders. On April 30, 1984, President Reagan witnessed the initialing of the agreement. Secretary of Energy John Herrington signed the agreement on July 23, 1985. On July 24, 1985, President Reagan submitted to Congress the Agreement Between the United States and the Peoples Republic of China Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. Consideration of whether a Presidential certification would be the centerpiece of a summit in 1997 advanced the agreements implementation. President Clinton, on January 12, 1998, signed certifications as required by P.L. 99-183 on Chinas nuclear nonproliferation policy and practices to implement the agreement. The President also issued a certification and waived a sanction imposed after the 1989 Tiananmen Crackdown as required by P.L. 101-246. Congressional review ended on March 18, 1998, and the agreement has since been implemented.
- Government and Political Science