China's Trade with the United States and the World
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Pagination or Media Count:
As imports from the People s Republic of China PRC have surged in recent years, posing a threat to some U.S. industries and manufacturing employment, Congress has begun to focus on not only access to the Chinese market and intellectual property rights IPO protection, but also the mounting U.S. trade deficit with China as well as allegations that China is selling its products on the international market at below cost dumping, engaging in currency manipulation, and exploiting its workers for economic gain. Members of the 109th Congress introduced several bills that would impose trade sanctions on China for intervening in the currency market or for engaging in other acts of unfair trade, while the Bush Administration has imposed anti-dumping duties and safeguards against some PRC products and pressured China to further revalue its currency and remove non-tariff trade barriers. China runs a trade surplus with the world s three major economic centers the United States, the European Union, and Japan. Since 2000, the United States has incurred its largest bilateral trade deficit with China 201 billion in 2005, a 25 rise over 2004. In 2003, China replaced Mexico as the second largest source of imports for the United States. China s share of U.S. imports was 14.6 in 2005, although this proportion still falls short of Japan s 18 of the early 1990s. The United States is China s largest overseas market and second largest source of foreign direct investment on a cumulative basis. U.S. exports to China have been growing rapidly as well, although from a low base. In 2004, China replaced Germany and the United Kingdom to become the fourth largest market for U.S. goods and remains the fastest growing major U.S. export market.
- Economics and Cost Analysis