Joint Force Command and Control: Synchronization, Adaptation, and Coordination (SAC) Capability for Effects-Based Operations
UNITED STATES JOINT FORCES COMMAND SUFFOLK VA JOINT FUTURES LABORATORY
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In December 2000, the U.S. Joint Forces Command USJFCOM Joint Futures Lab JFL in concert with the U.S. Naval Warfare Development Center NWDC and the Naval Postgraduate School NPS conducted a limited objective experiment LOE in a simulated operational environment to gain insights and further develop the requirements for Joint forces to plan and execute effects-based operations. This experiment confirmed that future Joint command and control requires a dynamic ability to synchronize, adapt, and coordinate efforts across the Joint force and cooperating elements. Furthermore, insights gleaned from the experiment indicate a fundamental need for synchronization, adaptation, and coordination SAC procedures and tools that include at least four interwoven elements a coherent time line, consistent graphics, an integrated SAC matrix -- providing rationale and details for all actions -- and a visualization tool to track process status and work flows. Future operational concepts require Joint forces capable of executing effects-based operations EBO against complex adaptive adversaries. Competitive success of complex adaptive systems CAS in dynamic environments favors those capable of quickly adapting operational activities, organization structure, andor physical characteristics. The challenge to adapt while concurrently directing Joint operations falls into the domain of the future Joint command and control capability JC2C. This JC2C requires the dynamic ability to synchronize, adapt, and coordinate efforts across Joint forces and cooperating elements.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Command, Control and Communications Systems