On the Enhanced Interstellar Scattering Toward B1849+005
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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This paper reports new Very Large Array VLA and Very Long Baseline Array VLBA observations of the extragalactic source B1849005 at frequencies between 0.33 and 15 GHz and the reanalysis of archival VLA observations at 0.33, 1.5, and 4.9 GHz. The structure of this source is complex, confirming previous suggestions, but interstellar scattering dominates the structure of the central component at least to 15 GHz. An analysis of the phase structure functions of the interferometric visibilities shows the density fluctuations along this line of sight to be anisotropic axial ratio 1.3 with a frequency-independent position angle and having an inner scale of roughly a few hundred kilometers. The anisotropies occur on length scales of order 10to the 15th power cm D5 kpc, which within the context of certain magnetohydrodynamic turbulence theories indicates the length scale on which the kinetic and magnetic energy densities are comparable. A conservative upper limit on the velocity of the scattering material is 1800 km s sub -1, based on the lack of changes in the shapes of the 0.33 GHz images. In the 0.33 GHz field of view, there are a number of other sources that might also be heavily scattered, which would suggest that there are large changes in the scattering strength on lines of sight separated by a degree or less. Both B1849005 and PSR B184900 are highly scattered, and they are separated by only 13. If the lines of sight are affected by the same clump of scattering material, it must be at least 2.3 kpc distant. However, a detailed attempt to account for the scattering observables toward these sources angular broadening of the extragalactic source, pulse broadening of the pulsar, and upper limits on the angular broadening of the pulsar does not produce a self-consistent set of parameters for a clump that can reproduce all three measured scattering observables.