Accession Number:

ADA462840

Title:

Computational Science: Ensuring America's Competitiveness

Descriptive Note:

Research rept.

Corporate Author:

PRESIDENT'S INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE ARLINGTON VA

Report Date:

2005-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

117.0

Abstract:

Computational science is now indispensable to the solution of complex problems in every sector, from traditional science and engineering domains to such key areas as national security, public health, and economic innovation. Advances in computing and connectivity make it possible to develop computational models and capture and analyze unprecedented amounts of experimental and observational data to address problems previously deemed intractable. Yet, despite the great opportunities and needs, universities and the Federal government have not effectively recognized the strategic significance of computational science in either their organizational structures or their research and educational planning. These inadequacies compromise U.S. scientific leadership, economic competitiveness, and national security. Universities and the Federal governments RD agencies must make coordinated, fundamental, structural changes that affirm the integral role of computational science in addressing the 21st centurys most important problems, which are predominantly multidisciplinary, multi-agency, multisector, and collaborative. To initiate the required transformation, the Federal government, in partnership with academia and industry, must also create and execute a multi-decade roadmap directing coordinated advances in computational science and its applications in science and engineering disciplines. The Federal government must rebalance RD investments to create a new generation of well-engineered, scalable, easy-to-use software suitable for computational science that can reduce the complexity and time to solution for todays challenging scientific applications and can create accurate models and simulations that answer new questions design, prototype, and evaluate new hardware that can deliver larger fractions of peak hardware performance on key applications and focus on sensor- and data-intensive computational science applications in light of the explosive growth of data.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Computer Programming and Software
  • Computer Hardware

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE