Synergistic Effects of Multiple Countermeasures and Their Implications for TOSOM Modeling
ARMY TANK-AUTOMOTIVE AND ARMAMENTS COMMAND WARREN MI
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The Threat Oriented Survivability Optimization Model TOSOM treats multiple countermeasures as independent operators without either synergistic or anti-synergistic effects. This is accomplished simply by Effectiveness CM total 1 - 1 - EffCM1 x 1 - EffCM2 x 1 - EffCM3 x ... x 1 - EffCMn. While this methodology may be appropriate for some countermeasure combinations such as false target generator and Active Protection Systems, it is not for such combinations as a false target generator and smoke. This paper will examine various synergisticanti-synergistic countermeasure combinations and how they would possibly contribute to a non-optimal survivability suite. The paper will also propose an intermediate step in the TOSOM modeling process to allow for the correction of some of these errors.
- Operations Research