TULIP: A Link-Level Protocol for Improving TCP over Wireless Links
CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA CRUZ DEPT OF COMPUTER ENGINEERING
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We present the transport unaware link improvement protocol TULIP, which dramatically improves the performance of TCP over lossy wireless links, without competing with or modifying the transport- or network-layer protocols. TULIP is tailored for the half-duplex radio links available with todays commercial radios and provides a MAC acceleration feature applicable to collision-avoidance MAC protocols e.g., IEEE 802.11 to improve throughput. TULIPs timers rely on a maximum propagation delay over the link, rather than performing a round-trip time estimate of the channel delay. The protocol does not require a base station and keeps no TCP state. TULIP is exceptionally robust when bit error rates are high it maintains high goodput, i.e., only those packets which are in fact dropped on the wireless link are retransmitted and then only when necessary. The performance of TULIP is compared against the performance of the Snoop protocol a TCP-aware approach and TCP without link-level retransmission support. The results of simulation experiments using the actual code of the Snoop protocol show that TULIP achieves higher throughput, lower packet delay, and smaller delay variance.
- Computer Systems Management and Standards
- Radio Communications