North Korea: Terrorism List Removal?
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The issue of North Koreas inclusion on the U.S. list of terrorism-supporting countries has arisen twice in recent U.S.-North Korean relations. In 2000, North Korea demanded that the Clinton Administration remove North Korea from the terrorism-support list before North Korea would send a high-level envoy to Washington and accept the Clinton Administrations proposal to begin negotiations with the United States over the North Korean missile program. In 2003, multilateral negotiations involving six governments began over North Koreas nuclear programs in the wake of North Koreas actions to terminate its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the 1994 U.S.-North Korean Agreed Framework. In the six-party talks, North Korea demanded that in return for a North Korean freeze of its plutonium nuclear program, the United States agree to a number of concessions, including removing North Korea from the U.S. terrorism-support list. During the 2000 negotiation, the Clinton Administration heeded the urgings of Japan to keep North Korea on the list until North Korea satisfied Japan regarding North Korean terrorist acts against Japan, especially the kidnapping of Japanese citizens. Assuming clearly announced and demonstrated changes in North Korean policies supportive of terrorism -- a scenario that may occur within the next several years -- Administration policymakers would face a number of options that include the following 1 waiting, doing nothing, and retaining North Korea on both the state sponsors of terrorism list and the nations not fully cooperating list 2 downgrading North Korea to the not fully cooperating category 3 easing sanctions subject to presidential waiver and 4 removing North Korea from both lists. Congress would have a direct role in the removal of North Korea from the terrorism list, since the executive branch must notify Congress before actual removal, and Congress would have the option to block the removal.
- Government and Political Science
- Unconventional Warfare