Accession Number:

ADA461690

Title:

Pakistan--U.S. Anti-Terrorism Cooperation

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2003-03-28

Pagination or Media Count:

28.0

Abstract:

Pakistan is a key front-line ally in the U.S.-led anti-terrorism coalition. After September 2001, Pakistani President Musharraf ended his governments ties with the Taliban regime of Afghanistan and has since cooperated with U.S. efforts to track and capture remnants of Al Qaeda and Taliban forces that have sought refuge inside Pakistani territory. Pakistans cooperation has been called crucial to past and ongoing U.S. successes in the region, but there is growing concern that the bilateral relationship is fragile and may be undermined by potentially disruptive developments in the areas of weapons proliferation, democracy-building, and Pakistan-India relations. Remaining proliferation- and democracy-related aid restrictions on Pakistan were removed in the final months of 2001, and the United States continues to make large aid donations to Pakistan and to support that countrys interests in negotiations with international financial institutions. There are concerns that the October 2002 national elections in Pakistan were not sufficiently free and open by Western standards and that the military-dominated government in Islamabad intends to remain in power through the manipulation of constitutional and democratic processes. This possibility led some Members of the 107th Congress to seek the renewal of aid restrictions or a modification of the Presidents waiver authority until such time that a more robust democratic process is sustained and a civilian-led government is effectively in place. There also is concern that possibly growing anti-American sentiment in Pakistan and the potential re-Talibanization of that countrys western provinces bordering Afghanistan could adversely affect U.S. interests in the region. This report reviews the status of Pakistan-U.S. anti-terrorism cooperation in the areas of law enforcement, intelligence, and military operations. U.S. arms transfers to and security cooperation with Pakistan are also discussed.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Psychology
  • Unconventional Warfare

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE