VHF/UHF Imagery and RCS Measurements of Ground Targets in Forested Terrain
MASSACHUSETTS UNIV LOWELL
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The monostatic VV and HH-polarized radar signatures of several targets and trees have been measured at foliage penetration frequencies VHFUHF by using 135th scale models and an indoor radar range operating at X-band. An array of high-fidelity scale model ground vehicles and test objects as well as scaled ground terrain and trees have been fabricated for the study. Radar measurement accuracy has been confirmed by comparing the signature of a test object with a method of moments radar cross section prediction code. In addition to acquiring signatures of targets located on a smooth, dielectric ground plane, data have also been acquired with targets located in simulated wooded terrain that included scaled tree trunks and tree branches. In order to assure the correct backscattering behavior, all dielectric properties of live tree wood and moist soil were scaled properly to match the complex dielectric constant of the full-scale materials. The impact of the surrounding tree clutter on the VHFUHF radar signatures of ground vehicles was accessed. Data were processed into high-resolution, polar-formatted ISAR imagery and signature comparisons are made between targets in open-field and forested scenarios.
- Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment