A Human Factors Review of the Operational Error Literature
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OKLAHOMA CITY OK CIVIL AEROMEDICAL INST
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This report reviews available documents concerning research and initiatives to reduce operational errors OEs. It provides a brief history of OE investigation and reporting. It describes 154 documents published from 1960-2005 and 222 OE reduction initiatives implemented from 1986 to 2005. Materials are classified by 1 type of study and 2 human and other contributing factors using the JANUS taxonomy. An analysis of the literature identified several consistent findings. OEs were related to the amount of traffic measured nationally rather than by position, early time on position, and pilotcontroller miscommunications especially hearbackreadback errors. Initiatives included developing national and local QA activities, providing resources to supervisors to help them perform their jobs, and skills training to address controller mental processes. Many ATO initiatives involved controller training, teamwork, and communications. Research and operations seemed to focus on the same 6 areas a training and experience, b teamwork, c pilot-ATC communications, d Human Machine Interaction HMI and equipment, e airspacesurface, and f traffic. This review concluded that, historically, much sometimes redundant research was conducted that generated little new information about why OEs occurred.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Flight Control and Instrumentation