Jamaica: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Although Jamaica has a stable parliamentary democracy and is a middle-income developing country, the government of Prime Minister P.J. Patterson faces several significant challenges. These include a violent crime wave fueled by gangs and drug trafficking high external debt, estimated at 135 of gross domestic product, that could constrain the governments social expenditures and an adult HIVAIDS infection rate of over 1. U.S. relations with Jamaica are close and characterized by significant economic linkages and cooperation on such bilateral issues as anti-drug trafficking measures, hurricane reconstruction support, and efforts to combat the AIDS epidemic. Overall U.S. foreign aid to Jamaica amounted to about 41 million in FY2005 with 18 million for hurricane assistance and an estimated 19 million in overall aid for FY2006. This report will not be updated. For further information, see CRS Report RL32160, Caribbean Region Issues in U.S. Relations, and CRS Report RL32001, AIDS in the Caribbean and Central America, both by Mark P. Sullivan.
- Government and Political Science