Bangladesh: Background and U.S. Relations
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Bangladesh the former East Pakistan gained its independence in 1971, following India s intervention in a rebellion against West Pakistan currently called Pakistan. Democratic elections in 1991 ended two decades of authoritarian rule in Dhaka. The Bangladesh National Party BNP, which leads the ruling coalition, and the leading opposition party, the Awami League AL, traditionally have dominated Bangladeshi politics. The BNP is led by Prime Minister Khaleda Zia while the AL is led by Sheikh Hasina. Bangladesh has been a largely moderate and democratic country. This status is increasingly under threat from a combination of political violence, weak governance, poverty, corruption, and rising Islamist militancy. When in opposition, both parties have sought to regain control of the government through demonstrations, labor strikes, and transport blockades.
- Government and Political Science