A Receiver-Initiated Collision-Avoidance Protocol for Multi-Channel Networks
CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA CRUZ
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The medium-access control MAC protocols for wireless networks proposed or implemented to date based on collision-avoidance handshakes between sender and receiver either require carrier sensing or the assignment of unique codes to nodes to ensure that intended receivers hear data packets without interference from hidden sources. We present and analyze a new collision-avoidance MAC protocol that we call receiver-initiated channel-hopping with dual polling RICH-DP. RICH-DP is the first MAC protocol based on a receiver-initiated collision-avoidance handshake that does not require carrier sensing or the assignment of unique codes to nodes in order to ensure collision-free reception of data at the intended receivers in the presence of hidden terminals. The throughput and delay characteristics of RICH-DP is studied analytically, and extensive simulations are presented to verify the analysis and to present a more accurate prediction of how RICH-DP would operate in realistic scenarios. RICH-DP is applicable to ad-hoc networks based on commercial off-the-shelf frequency hopping radios operating in unlicensed frequency bands.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
- Radio Communications