Discriminative Distance Measures for Object Detection
CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA SCHOOL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
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The reliable detection of an object of interest in an input image with arbitrary background clutter and occlusion has to a large extent remained an elusive goal in computer vision. Traditional model-based approaches are inappropriate for a multi-class object detection task primarily due to difficulties in modeling arbitrary object classes. Instead, we develop a detection framework whose core component is a nearest neighbor search over object parts. The performance of the overall system is critically dependent on the distance measure used in the nearest neighbor search. A distance measure that minimizes the mis-classification risk for the 1-nearest neighbor search can be shown to be the probability that a pair of input measurements belong to different classes. This pair-wise probability is not in general a metric distance measure. Furthermore, it can out-perform any metric distance, approaching even the Bayes optimal performance. In practice, we seek a model for the optimal distance measure that combines the discriminative powers of more elementary distance measures associated with a collection of simple feature spaces that are easy and efficient to implement in our work, we use histograms of various feature types like color, texture and local shape properties. For performing efficient nearest neighbor search over large training sets, the linear model was extended to discretized distance measures that combines distance measures associated with discriminators organized in a tree-like structure. Finally, the nearest neighbor search over object parts was integrated into a whole object detection system and evaluated against both an indoor detection task as well as a face recognition task yielding promising results.
- Optical Detection and Detectors