Accession Number:

ADA461130

Title:

Monolithic Integration of Solid State Thermionic Coolers with Semiconductor Lasers

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING

Report Date:

2000-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

4.0

Abstract:

We examine the cooling requirements and temperature stabilization needs of semiconductor lasers. Monolithic integration of thin film solid state thermionic coolers for laser applications is proposed and experimental results on an integrated structure are discussed. Many types of semiconductor lasers such as vertical cavity surface emitting lasers VCSEL s or distributed feedback DFB lasers can generate large heat power densities on the order of kWcm2 over areas as small as 100mm2 1. Under these conditions, the active region can reach temperatures greater than 70 C above the heat sink temperature. It is desirable in many applications to control the operating temperature in order to tune the operating characteristics such as emission wavelength or to enhance the performance such as increasing the output power. Conventionally, thermoelectric TE coolers are used to manage temperature, however since they are not easily integrated with semiconductor devices 2, the packaging can be costly. Moreover, the TE device usually determines the reliability and lifetime of a packaged laser module 3. An alternative to traditional TE coolers is heterostructure integrated thermionic coolers. These thin film coolers use the selective emission of hot electrons over a heterostructure barrier layer from emitter to collector resulting in an evaporative cooling of the electron gas beyond what is possible with the Peltier effect 4. Thermionic coolers fabricated in the InGaAsP material system have demonstrated cooling on the order of several degrees over one-to two micron thick barriers see fig.1 and cooling power densities of over 100 Wcm2 5,6. This cooling power density is approximately an order of magnitude greater than what is possible with TE coolers. The InGaAsP material system is important for long wavelength semiconductor lasers used in long haul and other high-speed optical communication systems.

Subject Categories:

  • Electrical and Electronic Equipment
  • Lasers and Masers
  • Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating
  • Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE