Language Research Sponsored by ONR
OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA
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In contrast to DARPA, ONR has not had a defined program that is focused exclusively on language research. However, there have been some clusters of projects concerned with language that have been supported within the Cognitive Science Program and its prior incarnation, the Personnel and Training Research Program. The ONR program is a basic research program, but a mission-oriented one which seeks to generate results that will prove applicable to significant Navy applications. Traditionally, as the earlier name Indicates, those applications were sought primarily in training more recently, the targets have been broadened to include human factors applications, especially in human-system interaction. Originally, the program was a psychological research program, but it evolved into a cognitive science program, the first government research program to be so labeled. The ONR Cognitive Science Program emphasizes the use of Al techniques to model human cognitive performance, and it has also emphasized the special subfield of Al concerned with artificially Intelligent computerized instruction or tutoring systems ICAI or ITS. Thus, the ONR Cognitive Science Program also contrasts with the DARPA Human Language Technology Program in being concerned with understanding how human language actually is produced and processed by humans. There is also an Al program within the Computer Science Division of ONR.